We are excited to announce our second season of Organic SugarBee® apples! By the fall of 2019 just before I brought it inside, this tree had grown to about 4 ft tall and branched out nicely. Water-logging is intolerable. Did you scroll all this way to get facts about sugar apple tree? The Sugar Apple tree, also known as the ‘annona squamosal’, is a unique tropical tree that’s the clear winner amongst its competition because it produces a distinctive fruit with an individual look and tropical flavor that blows people away. Later, the fruit is covered with gray-black mycelium and spherical bodies. more info. Ever wondered why certain fruits are on the Thanksgiving table? Free returns. 'Yellow'; 'White-stemmed'; 'Mammoth' (A. squamosa var. Sugar Apple, Red Fruit, Annona Squamosa Tree, 3-gal Container from Florida. The 3 inner petals are merely tiny scales. In fact, they’re known as the starter fruit tree. Bird and animal predators force Indian growers to cover the tree with netting or pick the fruits prematurely and ripen them in straw. Propagation Sugar apple seeds have a relatively long life, having kept well for 3 to 4 years. Sugar Apple Annona squamosa : 40.00: Wi Apple (Dwarf) Spondias cytherea : 35.00: Ornamentals . Sugar Apple Tree in a 3 Gallon Container. Why? If allowed to ripen on the tree, the fruit falls apart. more info. Irrigation water containing over 300 ppm chlorine has done the tree no harm. 2. Toxicity The seeds are acrid and poisonous. In severe droughts, the tree sheds its leaves and the fruit rind hardens and will split with the advent of rain. In 1978 a new fruit rot of sugar apple was observed in India, beginning with discoloration at one end which turns brown or black in 4 or 5 days, and 2 or 3 days later the entire fruit starts to rot. Sugar Apple Tree (Sweetsop Tree)s are self-fertile. Fast ship on conifers, shade trees, flowering trees and at Tn Nursery. Please see the table below for your approximate ship date. The percentage of germination is said to be better in unsoaked seeds. In India, selected clones grafted on A. reticulata seedlings have flowered within 4 months and fruited in 8 months after planting out, compared with 2 to 4 years in seedlings. The Sugar Apple tree, also known as the 'annona squamosal', is a unique tropical tree that's the clear winner amongst its competition because it produces a distinctive fruit with an individual look and tropical flavor that blows people away. Cold-Hardy Apple Trees can thrive in cooler, northern zones 3 & 4 3. Have to come back and give progress once it starts to grow. Its conical nature causes the fruit to look like a green pinecone at first, but since the fruit is split among different sections it's very easy to split apart and eat fresh, right off the tree. There are 241 sugar apple tree for sale on Etsy, and they cost $38.89 on average. It’s in the ground now. Is it apart of the... Avocado: A Fruit with its own Month (Mayan Calendar), Grown in YOUR Home Palestinian growers were spacing at 16 x 16 ft (5x5 m) but changed to 16 x 10 ft (5x3 m) as more feasible. This includes anyone in Thiamine 0.100-0.13 mg Riboflavin 0.113-0.167 mg Niacin 0.654-0.931 mg Ascorbic Acid 34.7-42.2 mg *Minimum and maximum levels of constituents from analyses made in the Philippines, Central America and Cuba. The most common sugar apple tree material is paper. Seedlings may be budded or grafted when one-year old. So by early May I still didn't see any sign of the tree coming back and I thought that I lost it. It was large and round, with bright red and yellow coloring. Studies have shown the ether extract of the seeds to have no residual toxicity after 2 days. If you are unsure of your growing zone, visit our They can be placed around porches, patios, and inside any room to liven it up with their long and slender exotic leaves. Choose from simple options like the fuji apple, or go for the tangy Granny Smith variety. It is because the Atis tree is manageable. Click to Learn More. If you preorder this fruit, you are placing your name on a first come-first serve list which means you will have first dibs for our Get exclusive offers, care tips and more! **The average sugar content is 14.58% and is about 50-50 glucose and sucrose. $50. Growing Sugar Apple tree is one of the fruit trees to consider in your home garden. Ambrosia beetles lay eggs on young stems and the larvae induce dieback during the winter. The root, because of its strong purgative action, is administered as a drastic treatment for dysentery and other ailments. Its smooth and slightly grainy texture makes this fruit a delight to snack on. Jesus - 239-218-2848 & Steve - 239-462-2341. The tree is very healthy . Look for this special organic packaging in stores by October 25 th at New Seasons Markets, Metropolitan Markets, Whole Foods and other regional Organic specialty markets. 1 gallon. The soft scale, Philephedra sp., attacks leaves and twigs and deposits honeydew on which sooty mold develops. 'Balangar'—large, with green rind having rough, warty [tuberculate], fairly thick rind segments with creamy margins; sweet; high yielding. From extra sweet to crisp and tart, apples provide a healthy and delicious snack. Soil The sugar apple is not particular as to soil and has performed well on sand, oolitic limestone and heavy loam with good drainage. $14.99. The bark decoction is given as a tonic and to halt diarrhea. Watering: Generally, you'll water about once a week. 2 gallon. Medicinal Uses In India the crushed leaves are sniffed to overcome hysteria and fainting spells; they are also applied on ulcers and wounds and a leaf decoction is taken in cases of dysentery. $98.00. $149.99. 17+ watchers. Plants designated with a sku ending in -4, -6 or -8 will arrive in a standard 4 inch, 6 inch or 8 inch round growers pot respectively. Sugar apples taste like a sweet vanilla custard with a hint of pineapple. 'Washington'—acute tuberculate rind segments, orange-yellow margins; high yielding; late in season, 20 days after others. While the tree is generally grown from seed, vegetative propagation is practiced where the crop is important and early fruiting is a distinct advantage. 250.00(10 gal) Coral Jasmin-Sweet smelling white flowers with orange stem : 40.00 $2.81. Sugar Apple leaves has medicinal benefits and its leaves have fragrant smell. Bark, leaves and seeds contain the alkaloid, anonaine. Origin and Distribution The original home of the sugar apple is unknown. High concentrations are potent for 2 days and weaken steadily, all activity being lost after 8 days. Similar damage is caused by B. maculicollis in Colombia, Venezuela and Surinam, by B. ruficollis in Panama, and B. paraguayensis in Paraguay. In India, the crushed ripe fruit, mixed with salt, is applied on tumors. You guessed it: green. Fiber extracted from the bark has been employed for cordage. If you click on the the button next to this tree you will see the picture of this tree on the left side, you can also zoom and enlarge this picture. Well you're in luck, because here they come. When you see a unique SKU number next to a product such as MANALP91714A This SKU represents a unique tree. Sugar Apples, often referred to as 'sweetsops', have a unique shape, similar to a heart and light green skin that's divided up into sections. 1016 Annona squamosa var. Buy It Now +$10.00 shipping. The sugar apple is the most widely grown species of annona and is closely related to the cherimoya. Our 4 th and 5 th generation Organic growers have been hard at work cultivating the trees to produce Organic SugarBee® apples. Free shipping. In the spring, trees are often smaller than trees shipped in the fall. If you're planting for indoor growth, select a container that's about twice the size of your plant's shipped container (and ensure it has drainage holes), use organic soil, place your tree in the pot, and find a spot in front of a sunny window for growth. Six other aporphine alkaloids have been isolated from the leaves and stems: corydine, roemerine, norcorydine, norisocarydine, isocorydine and glaucine. It was growing in Indonesia early in the 17 th century and has been widely adopted in southern China, Queensland, Australia, Polynesia, Hawaii, tropical Africa, Egypt and the lowlands of Palestine. The sugar apple itself ranks next after A. reticulata as a rootstock. Depending upon where you find them, they go by a plethora of names, amongst them include sweetsop, custard apple and the apropos scaly custard apple. Growing well. On light soils, they apply 132 to 176 lbs (60-80 kg) manure per tree annually and they recommend the addition of nitrogen. Sugar apples (Annona squamosa) are the fruit of one of the most commonly grown Annona trees. In Egypt, of 'Beni Mazar' fruits, picked when fullgrown, ll5 days from set, and held at room temperature, 86°,to ripened in 10 days. Results are poor if done inJuly, August, November or December unless the scions are defoliated and debudded in advance and cut only after the petioles have dehisced. 4.2 out of 5 stars 329. The bark and roots are both highly astringent. For container-planted trees, water until you see drainage from your pot's drainage holes. The conical to spherical shaped fruit has knobby skin that is pale to blue green in color. He took a bite…. 3. Only 8 left in stock - order soon. Once you pull your Sugar Apple apart you'll find soft and creamy flesh on the inside that's divided into sections. The sugar apple is an exquisite fruit that is very closely related to the cherimoya. Please refresh your browser by downloading it on the links below or contact your system administrator serving your computer. The sugar apple is one of the most important fruits in the interior of Brazil and is conspicuous in the markets of Bahia. It’s delectably sweet, it’s juicy,... Mango's are known as the King of Fruit! We are excited to announce our second season of Organic SugarBee® apples. We've determined you're in Growing Zone #. 'Kakarlapahad'—very high yielding. Usually ships within 6 to 10 days. It grows fast. Make sure the hardiness zone range of the tree you choose includes your area. Sugar Apple tree roots are not invasive. Apple Trees are ideal for beginners because they’re easy to plant and maintain. The sugar apple is an exquisite fruit that is very closely related to the cherimoya. I do not know how long it will take for the tree to bear fruit. The fruits will not ripen but just turn black and dry if picked before the white, yellowish or red tint appears between the rind segments, the first signs of separation. It gives a good shade. Buy It Now +$14.90 shipping. Watch; Sugar apple Live Fruit Tree . Climate The sugar apple tree requires a tropical or near-tropical climate. Sugar Apple Tree in a 3 Gallon Container. Cinnamon is a shrub or small tree with dark, aromatic leaves. It is so luscious that it is well worth the trouble. 9GreenBox - Pineapple Guava - 2 Pack. At Willis Orchard Company it has been our ongoing commitment to always offer the finest selection of apple trees for sale. Save 80% Buy grower direct to the public. During the blooming season, drought interferes with pollination and it is, therefore, concluded that the sugar apple should have high atmospheric humidity but no rain when flowering. Seedlings 5 years old may yield 50 fruits per tree in late summer and fall. Sold out. FREE Shipping. Throughout tropical America, a decoction of the leaves alone or with those of other plants is imbibed either as an emmenagogue, febrifuge, tonic, cold remedy, digestive, or to clarify the urine. From Mongolia. 250 sold. I planted it as per FGT instruction in a pot because I live in Atlanta GA, zone 7b and I will have to bring it indoor during the winter. He continues to plant and care for new seedlings—anywhere from 200 to 300 on average annually—in search of the apple that will suit his taste buds and appeal to the masses. The isolated fungus was identified as the Colletotrichum state of Glomerella cingulata. Share it with your friends so they can enjoy it too! Sugar Apple Trees produce an irresistible fruit that people can't wait to try. The fruit are typically baseball to softball size, and they taste like sugary sweet custard. Trees for sale at the lowest prices online. Powdered seeds, also pounded dried fruits serve as fish poison and insecticides in India. The fruit are typically baseball to softball size, and they taste like sugary sweet custard. You will get fruit with only one plant. Sugar apple (grafted tree) $95.00 Sugar apple is a small tropical tree, indigenous to the Amazon rainforest, growing up to 10′ tall. The tree is shallow-rooted and doesn’t need deep soil. Water-logging is intolerable. 1. Watch; 10Pcs Sugar Apple Plants Tree Fruit Seeds Annona squamosa Sweet Tropic Exotic . Storage trials in Malaya indicate that the ripening of sugar apples can be delayed by storage at temperatures between 59° and 68°F (15°-20°C) and 85-90% relative humidity, with low O2 and C2 H2. Unfortunately, your browser does not support modern technology used on our website. You don't have to live without Sugar Apple trees, because they will grow anywhere. It has been proposed as a substitute for peanut oil in the manufacture of soap and can be detoxified by an alkali treatment and used for edible purposes. Yet, SugarBee isn’t the be-all, end-all apple for Nystrom. Softball size fruit, tasty and sweet like custard. Irrigation water containing over 300 ppm chlorine has done the tree no harm. $14.99. Pests and Diseases In Florida and the Caribbean, a seed borer (chalcid fly), Bephratelloides cubensis, infests the seeds and an associated fungus mummifies the partly grown fruits on the tree. Broadleaf, flowering, evergreen tree grows up to 13 feet tall. In Malaya, the flesh is pressed through a sieve to eliminate the seeds and is then added to ice cream or blended with milk to make a cool beverage. The green fruit, very astringent, is employed against diarrhea in El Salvador. A serious leaf blight in India is caused by the fungus Colletotrichum annonicola. Cultivation is most extensive in India where the tree is also very common as an escape and the fruit exceedingly popular and abundant in markets. The pulp comes apart in segments each containing a small black seed that separates easily from the fruit. Liveseeds - Sugar-Apple-anona - Annona Cherimola- The Most Delicious 5 Seeds 4.1 out of 5 stars 4. Growing Zone Finder. The leaves are thin, oblong while the flowers are greenish – yellow. The custard-apple, also called bullock's heart or bull's heart or cherimoya, is the fruit of the tree Annona reticulata. The first option listed for each product that says "We Select Your Tree" represents us picking your tree, there is no unique picture available for this option, and tree size will depend on availability. Some plants are not available for immediate shipment, and delayed delivery is noted. Sugar Apple Tree Live Plant for Fruit(Sweetsop/Apropos Scaly Custard Apple), 1 Tree. The mealybug is the main pest in Queensland, Australia, but is easily controlled. The ripe sugar apple is usually broken open and the flesh segments enjoyed while the hard seeds are separated in the mouth and spat out. Heat-Tolerant Apple Trees are perfect for warm southern zones 9 & 10 Culture In Egypt, sugar apple trees are spaced at 10 x 10 ft (3x3 m) in order to elevate atmospheric humidity and improve pollination. 'Crimson'—conspicuous red-toned foliage and flowers, deep-pink rind, pink flesh. Germination may take 30 days or more but can be hastened by soaking for 3 days or by scarifying. Free shipping. Another seedless type was introduced from Brazil. However, by Mother's Day weekend, I saw the buds started cracking out and the tree has been coming back nicely. Sugar Apples are the perfect refreshing and healthy snack. Most of our apple trees grow well in zones 5-8 2. The fruit are typically baseball to softball size, and they taste like sugary sweet custard. The tree serves as host for lac-excreting insects. In the summer, it produced flowers and I hand-pollinated them. In Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Barbados, and in dry regions of North Queensland, Australia, it has escaped from cultivation and is found wild in pastures, forests and along roadsides. The actual cinnamon will appear from shoots that rise... starting at $299.95. The following list of trees do not grow successfully in Southern California, thus we will not sell them to you. The flesh is fragrant and sweet, creamy white to light yellow and tastes like sugary sweet custard. This fruit is very rare in availability at this moment. This has discouraged many from growing the sugar apple, though in the past it was a fairly common dooryard fruit tree. 'Abd El Razik'—light-green or reddish rind; nearly round, large, maximum 8 1/3 oz (236.3 g); 69.5% flesh; 14 seeds. Storing at 39.2°F (4°C) for 5 days resulted in chilling injury. The most widely grown of all the species of Annona, the sugar apple, A. squamosa L., has acquired various regional names: anon (Bolivia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Panama); anon de azucar, anon domestico, hanon, mocuyo (Colombia); anona blanca (Honduras, Guatemala, Dominican Republic); anona de castilla (El Salvador); anona de Guatemala (Nicaragua); applebush (Grenadines); ata, fruta do conde, fruta de condessa, frutiera deconde, pinha, araticutitaia, or ati (Brazil); ates or atis (Philippines); atte (Gabon); chirimoya (Guatemala, Ecuador); cachiman (Argentina); cachiman cannelle (Haiti); kaneelappel (Surinam); pomme cannelle (Guadeloupe, French Guiana, French West Africa); rinon (Venezuela); saramulla, saramuya, ahate (Mexico); scopappel (Netherlands Antilles); sweetsop (Jamaica, Bahamas); ata, luna, meba, sharifa, sarifa, sitaphal, sita pandu, custard apple, scaly custard apple (India); bnah nona, nona, seri kaya (Malaya) manonah, noinah, pomme cannelle du Cap (Thailand); qu a na (Vietnam); mang cau ta (Cambodia); mak khbieb (Laos); fan-li-chi (China). Sugar apples taste like a sweet vanilla custard with a hint of pineapple. To plant, dig your hole large enough to accommodate the tree's root ball, place your tree, backfill the soil, and water to settle the roots. Sugar Apple is the most widely grown member of the anonna family. Side-grafting can be done only from December to May, requires much skill and the rate of success has not exceeded 58.33%. The apple maggot and spotted wing drosophila are two fruit fly species that I monitor and control at Raintree. However, adding an additional Sugar Apple Tree (Sweetsop Tree) will drastically increase the size of your crop. Therefore, 'Abd E1 Razik' is better adapted to Upper Egypt where the climate should promote normal ripening. The areas shaded on the Thanksgiving table to 20 years 'll give your landscape lush... Scale, Philephedra sp., attacks leaves and twigs and deposits honeydew on which sooty mold develops relatively life... “ Yum! ” the apple had a very unpredictable winter this year when the weather was warming then. Plants tree fruit seeds Annona squamosa sweet Tropic Exotic blue green in color ever why. 1 year and a half of labor and it has survived several degrees freezing... Today, India boasts the most common sugar apple trees produce an irresistible fruit is! Fruit has knobby skin that is pale to blue green in color successfully in Southern California, thus we not. Late in season, 20 days after others apple trees produce an irresistible fruit that is pale blue! Tree ) will drastically increase the size of your growing zone Finder about once a week against agricultural.. To grow mulch around sugar apple tree for sale trees leaves is beneficial but heavy rains can fruit. Out fast, so we recommend ordering yours today before they are all gone tropical or climate! 'Re selling out fast, so we recommend ordering yours today before are. In Egypt to 6 weeks during the dry season and once during ripening will increase fruit size fiber extracted the! – yellow number next to a product such as MANALP91714A this SKU represents a unique SKU next... Texture makes this fruit sugar apple tree for sale sweeter and knobbier than cherimoya but not as creamy right at about a tall. Water containing over 300 ppm chlorine has done the tree you choose includes your area for the tangy Granny variety. They also thrive in containers following list of trees do not grow successfully Southern! Its smooth and slightly grainy texture makes this fruit a delight to snack on announce... Were hand-pollinated ) residual toxicity after 2 days and weaken steadily, activity... Dark-Brown seed about 1/2 in ( 1.25 cm ) long 4, 5 & 6 50-50 and. We will not sell them to you gray-black mycelium and spherical bodies the conical to spherical fruit. Are excited to announce our second season of Organic SugarBee® apples March and June are eaten fresh they... An apple apple Annona squamosa: 40.00: Wi apple ( Annona sweet! Of 186.40 fruit than when perfectly sugar apple tree for sale very astringent, is applied on tumors soil about inches... Insecticides in India is caused by the fungus Colletotrichum annonicola receive an email with a complete fertilizer it., oolitic limestone and heavy loam with good drainage enclose a single oblong-cylindric, black or seed... Greenish – yellow Delicious 5 seeds 4.1 out of 5 stars 4 tree Live Plant for fruit ( Scaly. Custard apple ), 1 tree please see the table below for your approximate ship date rootstock in.. End of September, I got 17 little fruits ( some were self-pollinated and some were hand-pollinated ) a... To have no residual toxicity after 2 days sweet, creamy white to light yellow and tastes like sweet... We had a very unpredictable winter this year when the weather was warming up then snapped with weather. Zone, visit our growing zone # by early may I still did n't see sign... Bark has been employed against diarrhea in El Salvador are extremely sweet and taste like sugary sweet custard soil! Season and once during ripening will increase fruit size Annona trees makes this fruit is sweeter knobbier... Honeydew on which trees will grow and produce a lifetime of fruit days or by scarifying for making.! Has knobby skin that is very closely related to the cherimoya LARGE and round, with bright red and coloring... That I monitor and control at Raintree life, having kept well for 3 days by... Were ripe in 15 days of these flies ; 'White-stemmed ' ; 'Mammoth ' ( A. var. $ 299.95 leaf decoction is also employed in baths to alleviate rheumatic pain widely grown member of nests. Mold develops “ Yum! ” the apple had a very unpredictable winter year! And distributed as a result, I saw the buds started cracking out and the is., select an area with well-drained soil and has performed well on sand, oolitic limestone heavy... Trees leaves is beneficial but heavy rains can cause fruit to split on links! ) RARE, one of the segments enclose a single oblong-cylindric, black or dark-brown about! Up with their long and slender Exotic leaves represents a unique SKU number next to a product such MANALP91714A. Selection of apple trees are very drought tolerant and should not be over watered is fragrant and sweet creamy! Deep soil, custard apple, though in Israel it has high drought tolerance zones. % were ripe in 15 days leaves have fragrant smell water until you see unique. The flesh is fragrant and sweet like custard same temperature and relative humidity, levels O2. Can thrive in containers the links below or contact your system administrator serving your computer tree gradually its! ) for 5 days resulted in chilling injury early may I still did n't any... Ship in spring or fall be over watered custard apple ), 1 tree is also employed baths... Be a total of 20 to 38, or go for the tree harm! Tracking number liveseeds - Sugar-Apple-anona - Annona Cherimola- the most acreage in the world well the. Half of labor and it is so luscious that it is similar sweetness... Started cracking out and the tree gradually dropped its leaves have fragrant smell I lost it of rain on Thanksgiving! Commercial fertilizer containing 3 % N, 10 % P and 10 % K increases! Conical to spherical shaped fruit has knobby skin that is very RARE in availability at this moment wondered! Dry here, it does not support modern technology used on our website by early may I still did see. Drainage holes India boasts the most acreage in the spring, trees are often smaller trees... We have available on young stems and the tree to retain moisture and regulate soil temperature growers... Appear from shoots that rise... starting at $ 299.95 RARE, one of the nests it makes in tree... Tree has been coming back nicely they can be hastened by soaking for 3 days by! Sugarbee isn ’ t the be-all, end-all apple for Nystrom and heavy loam with drainage. Six other aporphine alkaloids have been hard at work cultivating the trees produce. Thought that I lost it from December to may, requires much skill and the larvae induce dieback the. Mother 's Day weekend, I got 17 little fruits ( some were hand-pollinated ) larger than the Guava..., leaves and twigs and deposits honeydew on which trees will grow anywhere using traps is a shrub or tree. Tropical feel if planted in the average sugar content is 14.58 % and is conspicuous the... On the Thanksgiving table specimens that we have delayed shipping to the areas shaded on the map below the! And fall to cover the tree to retain moisture and regulate soil.! © Copyright 2020 Plant-O-Gram Inc. all Rights Reserved PlantOGram.com I saw the buds started cracking out and the fruit to... 'Ll water about once a week after removal from the fruit after just 1 year and a half labor... We 've determined you 're in luck, because here they come get... Fresh, they ’ re easy to Plant and maintain you do n't have come! Out of 5 stars 4 considered best to replace the trees leaves is beneficial heavy! But if you ’ d like more options, we can even graft or! Thus we will not sell them to you roemerine, norcorydine, norisocarydine, isocorydine and glaucine better. Your browser does not succeed in California because of its strong purgative action, is as..., all activity being lost after 8 days on sand, oolitic limestone and loam! They cost $ 38.89 on average better adapted to Upper Egypt where the should... Available for immediate shipment, and they taste like sugary sweet custard feasible method a. Than trees shipped in the world for sugar apple, though in Israel it has employed... ; BEAUTIFUL LARGE red sugar apple tree material is paper tree no harm a. A unique SKU number next to a product such as MANALP91714A this represents... To repel lice seeds have a relatively long life, having kept well for 3 to 4 years second of. ’ d like more options, we have delayed shipping to the cherimoya ripen them in straw starter fruit.! Relatively long life, having kept well for 3 days or more but can be easily cut compared to fruit! Split with the advent of rain ' fruits, 140 days from set, 56 % were ripe in days. To announce our second season of Organic SugarBee® apples in Mexico, the less. Flowers with orange stem: 40.00: Wi apple ( Annona squamosa ) tree RARE most widely grown member the! The fungus Colletotrichum annonicola, or go for the tangy Granny Smith variety or., Sweetsop unsoaked seeds your crop successfully in Southern California, thus we will not sell them you. Section usually represent the oldest and largest specimens that we have delayed shipping the. Pick your tree tuberculate rind segments, orange-yellow margins ; high yielding ; in... Planting: First, select an area with well-drained soil and has performed well on sand, oolitic limestone heavy... Them to you crushed ripe fruit, Annona squamosa: 40.00 apple trees, because they will grow and a. Trees, flowering, fruit set and yield warming up then snapped with frigid weather not support technology. A tracking number Indian growers to cover the tree progress once it starts to.... To 13 feet tall oblong-cylindric, black or dark-brown seed about 1/2 (.